## May 30, 2017

### Assigning Binary Value to a Variable in C and C++

If you are programming in C and C++ then you may already know that C and C++ do not have native support for binary literal. So you can not simply write the following statement to give a variable a binary value:

int signal = 1110;

However, C and C++'s bitwise operators such as Left Shift operator << and Or operator | can be easily utilised to achieve binary value assignment like shown below:

int signal = 1 << 3 | 1 << 2 | 1 << 1;

The above statement assigns binary value 1110 to the variable signal. The way it works is the very first expression 1 << 3 creates a binary value 1000, and then the expression 1 << 2 creates a binary value 100 and finally the expression 1 << 1 creates a binary value 10. When all these three binary values are combined using the Or operators we get the binary value 1110 like shown below:

Expression            Binary equivalent
1 << 3            =     1000
1 << 2            =     0100
1 << 1            =     0010
1110 (after or operations of three expressions)